Types of Skin Diseases and Their Treatments
Skin is the largest sense organ of the body. You can feel, touch, and have a look at your skin. You can have a perfectly healthy skin. But unhealthy living can lead to varied forms of skin disorders. Let us unveil types of skin diseases and their treatments. You will be learning about different types of skin disorders and their related symptoms. A general overview of treatments will follow through.
Acne refers to getting pimples. Teenage boys and girls are most susceptible to getting pimples all over their face. Hormonal changes like girls attaining puberty or boys getting their first mustache can be attributed to this.
However, consumption of oily foods and high-carb diets can also accelerate the situation. You can get acne near the neck, shoulders, chest, and upper back too. Pimples are formed due to the impurities of the skin. Blackheads, whiteheads, dead cells, cysts, and nodules make up the mass for acne. Sometimes, painful pus forms when you try breaking these.
If you stay in countries like Canada or Chicago, you are more likely to experience winter sores. This happens when the skin is unable to tackle biting winters. The symptoms of winter sores include the following
- Red and painful blisters near the mouth and lips
- Tingling sensation or burns while the sores develop
- Outbreaks of sores are further characterized by low fever, back pain and lymph like nodes.
You witness yellow or scaly patches in areas impacted by eczema. These areas of the skin may be red, itchy, oily, or greasy too. You might have visible hair loss near areas of eczema impacted skin.
Psoriasis is yet another painfully visible skin disorder among men and women. You discover defined skin patches that can appear silvery or scaly. You can find the skin disorder evolving near your scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. You also feel the tendency to develop an itchy sensation throughout the day.
People get cellulitis due to a bacterial or fungal infection that enters through a crack or cut in the skin. They will experience a red, painful, and swollen skin near the impacted areas. You may also develop fever or chills on account of the reddish streaking caused by the infection. You need to be rushed to the Multispeciality Hospital or wellness center at the earliest as the condition is an emergency. It requires immediate medical intervention.
You get tiny red spots starting from your face until the lower part of your body. These are red and itchy spots that can have bluish-white centers. The symptoms of measles are fever, chills, watery eyes, loss of appetite, nasal infection, and cough.
Lupus is a kind of an anti-immune disorder that majorly affects the skin. The healthier cells of the skin are attacked by the body’s very own immunity, and the common symptoms associated with the skin disorder are:
- Occurrences of fever, joint pains, and fatigue
- Scaly and disc-shaped rashes. Usually, these don’t itch or hurt
- Ring-shaped red patches appearing near your upper torso, shoulders, forearms, and neck
- Butter-fly shaped rashes appearing near the cheeks or bridge of your nose. This worsens while you venture out in the hot sun.
You completely lose your original skin color. This is due to the complete loss of pigment in the skin. The autoimmune cells automatically destroy the healthier cells of the skin. Sometimes, you lose a portion of the skin’s color in very few areas. The depigmented skin appears near one side of the body, as well. Vitiligo can land you up in premature hair greying tendencies, as well.
Warts is a viral infection that can impact your skin and is caused by a virus named HPV. HPV stands for Human Papilloma Virus. These are blisters that occur on the skin, surrounding the mucous membrane. These form singularly or occur in groups. Warts are highly contagious. You immediately need to get in touch with a reputed skin specialist.
Chickenpox initially occurs as smaller rashes that gradually gown in size. These form near your face, shoulders, naval areas and the skin surrounding your back. The reddish blisters are itchy and can cause you pain or irritation. Plus, the disorder is further characterized by fever, chills, sore throat, headaches and body pain. The blisters gradually reduce when you take a lot of water and hydrating juices.
We have seen some of the major skin disorders that can impact you as such. Now let us have a look at the treatment options one by one.
Most of the skin disorders can be cured with the right kind of treatment or medication. Some of the common treatment methods for most of the skin ailments that are mentioned above include
- The prescribed dosage of antibiotics
- Laser therapy
- Medicated skin creams or ointments. Note: Please go with the brands as stated by the medical practitioner as against OTC (Over the Counter) drugs.
- Vitamins or steroid injections
- Prescribed medication aimed at targeting that skin disorder
In some cases, cosmetic surgeries or plastic surgeries may be the prescribed form of treatment. Some of the skin disorders may not require treatment. They may go off on their own, while some diseases cause permanent or irreversible changes to the anatomy of the skin. Skin disorders can cause severe or regressive symptoms.
Let us now have a look at how you can maintain a healthier skin in years to come
- Drink lots of water. Water carries oxygen to parts of the body. Drinking at least eight glasses of water per day can act wonders for your skin as well. It glows and remains moisturized for longer years to come.
- Eat a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables. You can include cheese and dry nuts too. Including lean meat or fish can accelerate the production of healthier Omega 3 fatty acids. The diet can act wonders for healthy and glowing skin.
- Make sure to exercise at least for half an hour every day. The harmful toxins of the body get released via sweat. Brisk walking, power yoga, swimming, dance, and aerobics can add to more youthful and radiant skin. Plus, you have an enhanced degree of metabolism to perform your daily activities in a hassle-free manner.
Skin diseases can occur due to various factors. If you observe a change in your skin’s texture or have a rash that does not disappear after a few days, it always helps to consult a specialist for a thorough analysis.